August 04, 2016

04/08/2016: Commodity and trade issues: Poultry and poultry products: Semi-annual assessments of commodity and trade issues, Turkey

by Sinem Duyum, Agricultural Specialist, USDA
 
First published in Milling and Grain, May 2016

 
Turkey is the world’s 9th largest poultry producer. Poultry sector revenue in 2014 was $ 4.5 billion in Turkey and there was increase in domestic poultry production, consumption and especially exportation. In 2015, exports reached over $450 million despite avian influenza outbreaks and turmoil in the region.
    
The number of broilers in 2015 reached 214 million with 6.8 percent increase compared with the previous year. The number of laying hens in 2015 reached 99 million with 5.2 percent increase compared with the previous year. Insufficient feed available has been a problematic issue for poultry production and targeted production in the future, as well.
    
The poultry sector has encountered many problems in raw material importation for feed due to the Biosafety Law and its regulation. According to the Turkish Poultry Meat Producers and Breeders Association (BESD-BIR), the sector increased by 8.8 percent in 2014. However Turkish poultry exports have declined 17 percent in quantity in 2015 because of the geopolitical problems and avian influenza outbreaks.
      

Figure 1
 Poultry Production
In Figure 1, the decrease is seen in the number of poultry after 2006 is due to the first Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) case which was in the northwest of Turkey, Balikesir Province, in October 2005. The number of broilers in 2015 reached approximately 214 million with a 6.8 percent increase compared with the previous year. The number of laying hens in 2015 reached 99 million with a 5.2 percent increase compared with the previous year. The number of turkeys in 2015 reached to 2.8 million with 5.4 percent decrease compared with the previous year.
 
Read the full article in Milling and Grain HERE.
 

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