by Dr Pratiksha Saxena Department of Applied Mathematics and Dr Rajkumar, Gautam Buddha University, India
First published in Milling and Grain, October 2015
The livestock and animal industries are important parts of a country’s economy. A number of industries ranging in size are based on animals and animal products. Development of these industries is directly dependent on the animals’ diets.
The ingredients in the form of food consumed by animals on daily basis, are termed as an animal ration or animal feed. Formulation of animal ration is a process that involves combining different nutrient ingredients in such an efficient manner to provide sufficient amounts of energy and nutrition to animals at different stages of metabolism and production.
This article presents a summary of feed formulation software. Content is divided into three categories: for aquatic animals, for poultry and for ruminants. A description and comparison of various software is provided, explaining the features and uses of each software.
Animal rations should be formulated in such a way to fulfil the energy requirements of animals. This is one of the basic needs of livestock management and for industries based on animal yields. Different kinds of animals have various energy requirements optimisation models had been used over 100 years ago.
These optimisation models are used in such a way to provide information on energy requirements at different stages for growth, reproduction, metabolism and lactation at optimum cost.
To formulate an animal feed, knowledge of basic animal nutrition, the nutrition levels of feed ingredients, feed composition, as well as mathematical programming techniques are important.
Read the full article in Milling and Grain HERE.
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